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Kingshay's Knowledgebase - Cow Management

Body Condition Score

Body Condition Score

Body Condition Scoring (BCS) is a simple and effective farm management tool. It is a measure of body fat/energy reserves, that can be used to aid decisions or troubleshoo...

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Bovine TB Dairy Insight

Bovine TB Dairy Insight

Bovine TB (bTB) continues to be a major problem with approximately 11% of herds in England affected by bTB in 2017. The latest DEFRA statistics show there were 3,824 new ...

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Cattle Behaviour Farming Note

Cattle Behaviour Farming Note

Observing cattle behaviour is an important aspect of monitoring animal comfort on farm, and can provide key information about cow environment. Ensuring that cow environme...

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Cattle Health Schemes

Cattle Health Schemes

Cattle health schemes are designed to help farms monitor and eliminate the five most important non-statutory diseases, which are prevalent in the UK and are costing many ...

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Collecting Yards

Collecting Yards

Well-designed collecting yards save time and reduce stress, whereas poor designs or improper cow handling will compromise cow flow and welfare.

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Cow Brushes

Cow Brushes

Cow brushes not only help to fulfil the cow’s natural desire to scratch, but could also lead to a 1-litre a cow a day uplift in milk yield, along with less disease and ...

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Cow Grouping Farming Note

Cow Grouping Farming Note

Cow grouping is a useful management tool, particularly in larger herds, which allows the requirements of each individual cow to be more easily met. Deciding if your he...

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Cow Tracks

Cow Tracks

Tracks play a key role in enabling early turnout and allowing effective use of grazing right through the season.  This Farming Note assesses the key practical aspects of...

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Cull Cow Options Farming Note

Cull Cow Options Farming Note

The sale of cull cows provides important extra income to a dairy enterprise and decisions on when and how to sell animals will influence the price achieved. The decision...

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Dairy Herd Protocols Farming Note

Dairy Herd Protocols Farming Note

Protocols are prescribed procedures for completing routine tasks. They are very powerful tools that can make the difference between success and failure on larger farms wi...

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Dealing with Hot Weather

Dealing with Hot Weather

The UK does not often experience the hot temperatures currently being faced, and the duration of the heat is almost unprecedented. So what additional considerations need ...

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Dry Period Length

Dry Period Length

The optimal dry period length between lactations in dairy cows has been debated for many years. Traditionally, an 8-week dry period was considered the ideal duration - ba...

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