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Kingshay's Knowledgebase - Calf Housing

Calf Housing Farming Note

Calf Housing Farming Note

It is thought that up to 6% of calves die before they reach six months of age. Most of these losses occur in the first month of their life and many are as a result of poo...

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Calf Housing Farming Note

Calf Housing Farming Note

It is estimated that more than 6% of calves die before they reach six months of age, most of these losses occur in the first month of the calves’ life and many are a re...

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Calf Management Farming Note

Calf Management Farming Note

Kingshay's Youngstock Management Survey showed that 87% of farmers have seen cases of calf pneumonia and 50% joint ill on their farm. Good calf management is crucial if a...

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Calf pneumonia

Calf pneumonia

Bovine respiratory disease is a major health problem in calves which has both long-term and short-term deleterious consequences.  It is a multifactorial disease which ca...

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Computerised Calf Feeders Farming Note

Computerised Calf Feeders Farming Note

Computerised calf feeding machines are an increasingly popular option for calf management. A number of advantages potentially make this a cost effective feeding method, t...

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Heat Stress Farming Note

Heat Stress Farming Note

Heat stress in dairy cows can occur at temperatures of 22oC and above. A cow's digestive process creates a lot of heat energy (1.4 kW/day of heat for a cow producing 30 l...

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Kingshay Calf Jackets Tried & Tested Report

Kingshay Calf Jackets Tried & Tested Report

In response to member queries about calf jackets and their efficacy, we carried out a Tried & Tested survey and trial in early 2015. The survey was completed by a sam...

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Ringworm Farming Note

Ringworm Farming Note

Ringworm is a fungal zoonotic skin disease, which affects skin, hair and nails. It is highly contagious, with cattle being the most susceptible farm animal. Whilst not a ...

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Selective Antibiotic Use

Selective Antibiotic Use

There is increasing pressure on producers to use veterinary medicines more sparingly, in particular, antibiotics. Many assurance schemes are striving to prove agriculture...

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Ventilation Farming Note

Ventilation Farming Note

Poor dairy building ventilation can have dramatic consequences on milk production. Research suggests 50% of buildings designed for livestock are not suited to the housed ...

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Water Supply Farming Note

Water Supply Farming Note

Dairy cows will drink up to 160 litres in 24 hours so their water supply must make that readily available. Minor restrictions in water availability can reduce water intak...

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Youngstock Housing Farming Note

Youngstock Housing Farming Note

Replacement heifers account for almost 10% of on-farm costs, yet the Kingshay 2012 Youngstock Survey found that 15.5% of first-calving heifers fail to calve into the milk...

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