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Kingshay's Knowledgebase - Calf Health

Ectoparasites Farming Note

Ectoparasites Farming Note

Ectoparasites (external parasites) affect cows throughout the year. During the summer, flies can be a big issue, whilst in the winter housed cows are susceptible to lice ...

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Feeding the calf

Feeding the calf

In a traditional dairy calf rearing system, calves are fed 10% of their birthweight in milk over two feeds daily i.e. 2 feeds of 2 litres. In comparison, a calf left on t...

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Heat Stress Farming Note

Heat Stress Farming Note

Heat stress in dairy cows can occur at temperatures of 22oC and above. A cow's digestive process creates a lot of heat energy (1.4 kW/day of heat for a cow producing 30 l...

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Heifers at Turnout

Heifers at Turnout

Consistent growth throughout their early years is essential to ensure heifers calve in at the most economical age at first calving of 24 months, but all too often turnout...

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IBR (Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis) Farming Note

IBR (Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis) Farming Note

IBR is an acute viral disease characterised by inflammation and necrosis of the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract which can lead to fatal pneumonia. With th...

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Improving Immunity Farming Note

Improving Immunity Farming Note

Kingshay Dairy Costings show that 40% of cows culled were as a direct result of health factors. This represents a significant avoidable loss, whilst health issues can als...

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Kingshay Calf Jackets Tried & Tested Report

Kingshay Calf Jackets Tried & Tested Report

In response to member queries about calf jackets and their efficacy, we carried out a Tried & Tested survey and trial in early 2015. The survey was completed by a sam...

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Mechanical Ventilation

Mechanical Ventilation

Good building ventilation is vital to remove the huge amounts of heat and moisture produced by cows every day. Failure to get it right can lead to heat stress and higher ...

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Mycoplasma Farming Note

Mycoplasma Farming Note

Mycoplasma is a bacterial infection and a major cause of calf pneumonia in the UK. Usually introduced via bought-in cattle, it is not instantly recognisable. Mycoplasma i...

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Poisoning Farming Note

Poisoning Farming Note

The risk of cattle poisoning becomes more prevalent when animals are grazing. There are many different plants and elements that can harm animals; some being more obvious ...

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RESEARCH insight – Disbudding Calves

RESEARCH insight – Disbudding Calves

In recent years many papers have been published around the procedure of disbudding, the use of NSAIDs, as well as health and safety aspects - including the inhalation of ...

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Ringworm Farming Note

Ringworm Farming Note

Ringworm is a fungal zoonotic skin disease, which affects skin, hair and nails. It is highly contagious, with cattle being the most susceptible farm animal. Whilst not a ...

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